Have you ever wondered why people are flocking to this English-speaking, frigid North-American country? In fact, Canada has seen a steady increase in education tourism in the last few years. For the nine consecutive years, the UN survey claimed Canada to be among the top three places in the world to live. The country is a peace loving, friendly, caring and secure society. This constitutional monarchy believes in equality, diversity, and respect for all individuals, thanks to Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the Canadian Multiculturalism Act.
Canada has also repeatedly claimed the top spots in categories like ‘the best place to live’ and ‘best place to study’.
It also ranks high in entrepreneurship, employment, and tourism in various international surveys and standards assessments. Students who want overseas education recognise the value proposition it offers—high-quality institutions at an attractive price in a safe, beautiful, multicultural, progressive, and welcoming atmosphere. They lap up Canada’s excellent combined offer of high-quality education with opportunities for working both while and after studying and a chance to possibly immigrate after the completion of studies.
Higher education, which is also called postsecondary education in Canada, is available in both government-supported and private institutions. Postsecondary education refers to all kinds of formal education beyond secondary school, degree-granting education or not. These institutions offer degrees, diplomas, and certificate courses, depending on the length of the programme and the nature of the institute. In Canada, universities are no longer the sole degree-granting institutions. A recognised postsecondary institution, which can be both private and public, too can grant degrees, diplomas, and other credentials.
1. High-quality education in world-class institutions
A Canadian degree, certificate, and diploma is considered equivalent to the degrees in other Commonwealth countries and the US. Canada’s universities maintain high standards of academic excellence and are consistently recognised in top international rankings. In 2012, four Canadian universities: University of British Columbia, McGill University, McMaster University and University of Toronto, were listed in the top 100 colleges by ARWU Shanghai Rankings. The QS University Ranking had five more: Universität de Montréal, HEC Montréal University of Alberta, Queen’s University, University of Waterloo in its list of top 100s.
2. Wide range of programmes and courses to choose from
Universities, colleges, and other postsecondary education institutions offer a range of programmes in a wide variety of purely academic and skill oriented professional and technical fields. Canadian universities offer more than 10,000 undergraduate and graduate degree programmes, as well as professional degree programmes and certificate courses. Students can also choose to pursue various workshops, short courses, and upgrades for skilled workers and professionals side by side to their main degree programme. Some institutions offer specialised courses from a wide range of fields like fisheries, agriculture, apiary, paramedical technology, etc. However, fields such as telecommunications, medicine, agriculture, computer technology, business studies, and environmental science are the most sought after by Indian students.
3. Low cost of education
Tuition fees for foreign students in Canada are the lowest compared to the US, UK, and Australia. The average cost for a foreign student for one year in an undergraduate programme is CAD 11, 903. Fees for bachelor’s degrees at the US public universities are almost 1/3 higher than Canadian universities. Compared to private universities in the US, fees in Canadian universities for undergraduate programmes were found to be less than half.
4. Multiple scholarship opportunities
The Canadian government recognises that international students bring fresh ideas to Canada and contribute a great deal to various disciplines and the industry with the knowledge they bring from their home countries. This is the reason why the federal, provincial, and territorial governments of Canada as well as various public and private organisations, provide several scholarships and bursaries to deserving international scholars.
5. Safe and peaceful atmosphere
Canada is a relatively safe and peaceful country. The rate of violent crimes decreased for ten consecutive years in the period of 1993 to 2003. Firearms are strictly controlled and are generally not permitted, unlike the US. The Global Peace Index consistently ranks Canada among the top 10 safest countries to visit in the world. It is also relatively unaffected by natural disasters.
6. Multicultural country with deep democratic values
Canada is a country of immigrants and follows a policy of fostering multicultural diversity. The Canadian society comprises of almost all of the world’s ethnic groups. You will easily find most ethnic foods and cultural activities. You will easily find informal clubs and associations representing various ethnicities. People of Canada are generally very open minded and respectful of different perspectives. Over the past century and a half, Canada has welcomed 15 million immigrants. Canada is also home to over one million aboriginal people, including First Nations, Métis, and Inuit communities.
7. Easier visa acquisition
One of the most exciting aspect while considering studying in Canada is that the process of acquiring a Canadian study visa is relatively relaxed. Students increasingly face issues and complain about the strict visa norm of the US. It has led to international students being diverted to other countries. The Canadian government has left no stone unturned in reaping the benefits of the tightened US visa system post 9/11.
8. An exciting and beautiful place to live
There is a great diversity in the landscape of Canada as it is as large country situated near the Arctic Circle surrounded by three oceans (the Pacific, Atlantic, and the Arctic). Canadian cities are famous worldwide for their beauty and they attract a large number of tourists each year. There are four very distinct seasons and the temperature varies a great deal throughout the year depending on the distance from the ocean and the Arctic Circle.
Canadian universities, mostly, invite and accept applications individually, which can be found and completed online on their websites. However, some provinces have a centralised application system for universities, such as the Ontario Universities Application Centre (OUAC). You can apply to multiple universities by means of a single application through these platforms. Deadlines for applications are generally later than other countries. Applications do not open until October and deadlines range from January to June. Many universities have multiple start dates too. While September is usually the start date, many universities start accepting applications in January or even May. You must track the important dates of individual universities to avoid losing out on options.
The general criteria for application are mentioned below:
- The minimum TOEFL score required by most universities is 80-84(internet-based test) for PG courses.
- Most universities and colleges accept equivalent IELTS and PTE Academic scores.
Undergraduate study in Canada
- Universities in Quebec require a minimum 13 years of secondary school education, i.e. an additional year of formal education after the 12th standard or intermediate degree. Most others require a minimum 12 years of elementary and secondary education. However, if your academic credentials are very impressive, some universities may consider your application even with 12 years of education.
- Minimum aggregate marks of 70% isn 12th grade for bachelor’s degrees, and above 50% for diplomas and advanced diplomas.
- Mathematics in class XII (a prerequisite for some sciences, technology, and business courses).
- Minimum required IELTS/PTE Academic scores with an overall score of 6.0 bands or equivalent PTE scores
Masters in Canada
- Most universities require a qualification equivalent to the Canadian bachelor’s degree, which requires 16 years of formal education. It would mean another year of education after Indian bachelors or a four-year bachelor’s degree course like B.E., B.Tech. Or other such courses.
- Minimum required IELTS / PTE Academic scores with the minimum score of 6.5 bands as an overall score for PG Diploma and 7.0 bands for master’s degree. Some universities accept equivalent PTE scores too.
- Relevant work experience (some universities require this for MBA and Master’s Degree in IT)
Doctorate in Canada:
- For doctorate programmes, most universities require a master’s degree in that subject. However, universities might consider your application without a master’s degree in exceptional cases.
TOP COURSES TO STUDY IN CANADA
- Engineering – all specializations
- health sciences
- Information technology
- Business management
- Animation / VFX / Graphic Designing
- Hospitality management
- Fine Arts
- Environmental Science
- Computer Science
Canada offer the quality education at affordable price. Tuition fee for higher education in Canada is lower than many countries like USA, Australia, UK .
|Programs||Duration||Average Tuition fee range|
|English language Program||Upto 1 Year||$8,000 to $12,000|
|Diploma||2 Years||$8,000 to $12,000 per annum|
|Advance Diploma||3 Years||$8,000 to $15,000 per annum|
|Bachelor||4 Years||$10,000 to $21,000 per annum|
|Graduate Diploma||1-2 Years||$9,000 to $16,000 Per annum|
|Master||2-3 Years||$11,000 to $25,000 Per annum|
Living expenses per annum for a student is around $8,000 to $12,000. Accommodation may cost between $3,000 to $7,000 per annum . Average cost of study in Canada is around $30,000 per annum.
Depending on your country of origin and the type and length of study, you may require:
- A temporary resident visa
- A study permit
In order to be eligible to apply for a student permit (student visa ) , a student must be enrolled in a program of study ( degree, diploma or certificate) and the institution should be listed under Designated Learning institutions (DLI) list authorized by CIC.
There are three categories in which students can file their visa applications
The type of documentation required depends on your country of origin, the program you are taking, and the length of your study:
- Any study program of up to six months: no study permit is required
- Programs longer than six months require a study permit
NOTE: A temporary resident visa may be required depending on your country of origin. Please see the list of countries that require a temporary resident visa as provided by Citizenship and Immigration Canada.
A step-by-step guide to obtaining a student authorization:
Gather the necessary documents : It is crucial that students submit all documentation requested with their applications. Missing documentation will delay the authorization process. A list of necessary documents for visa are below
Proof of identity. This includes
- photocopies of a valid passport or travel document or identity document that guarantees re-entry to the country that issued it; and
- two recent passport-size photos (2″ x 2.5″) for each family member, with the full name and date of birth recorded on the back of each photo.
- Visa officers may also wish to see the actual passport or travel document and will inform you if this is the case.
Proof of financial support that shows you will have enough money during your stay in Canada to cover
- tuition fees,
- return transportation and
- $10,000 CDN per annum for living expenses
(additional funds may be required if there are other family members accompanying you).
Documentation for this requirement could be
- your bank statements for the past four months
- a bank draft in convertible currency
- pay stubs
- an employment letter
- proof of assets or business
- proof of payment of tuition and accommodation fees
- tax reports, declarations or statements
- proof of a student/education loan from a financial institution
- a letter from the person or institution providing you with money
- proof of funding paid from within Canada, if you have a scholarship or are in a Canadian-funded educational program
- proof of a Canadian bank account in your name if money has been transferred to Canada
(As a guideline, $10,000 CDN plus to tuition fees per academic year is generally viewed as sufficient.)
A medical examination in your country of origin. Medical exams are required if your stay is longer than six months and you come from a country with high health risks or will be studying or working in a place where protection of public health is essential.
Proof of acceptance by an approved educational institution. The following information must be included in letters of acceptance: name, date of birth, mailing address of student; the course for which the student has been accepted; the estimated duration or date of completion of the course; the date on which the course begins; the last date on which the student must register for the course; the academic year which the student will be entering; whether the course is full or part-time; the tuition fee; any conditions related to acceptance; clear identification of the educational institution; andlicensing information for private institutions. This letter must be signed by an authorized representative of the institution.
Student visa application form Visa application can be filled online or submitted as a paper application . More information about application form can be found on CIC website .
Once you have completed the application forms and have gathered the necessary documentation, proceed to the visa office nearest to you and submit the forms and required information along with a study permit fee. When reviewing your study permit application, a visa officer must be satisfied that you meet the requirements of the Canadian Immigration Act and Regulations and that you will only be in Canada temporarily. Once the visa officer is satisfied that you are a “bona fide” student and all statutory requirements are met, you will be issued a document which must be shown to an immigration officer at the port of entry in Canada in order to obtain a study permit . As your study permit will normally be valid for the duration of your course, please ensure that your travel document (passport) is also valid for that same period of time.
If you are a minor (typically less than 18 years but this can vary from province to province), proof of custodianship in Canada is required. You must provide a notarized declaration signed by your parent or legal guardian in the country of origin AND a notarized declaration signed by the custodian in Canada stating that adequate arrangements have been made for the custodian in Canada to act in place of a parent in times of emergency, such as when medical attention or intervention is required. For younger children, a broader declaration may be required. Broad declarations must state that the custodian is not only responsible in times of emergency but also for day-to-day care and supervision.
List of documents are required for the visa :-
- Study Visa application form ( IMM1294) , Family information form (IMM5645) and IMM5257 form .
- Original passport ( Should be valid for duration of study )
- 2 Photos
- Letter of Acceptance from your prospective University in Canada
- IELTS test taken within 24 months
- Photocopy of the most recent
- Dip/leaving, most recent mark sheet (consolidated mark sheet are NOT acceptable)
- Copy of the receipt of the tuition fees paid.
- Proof of funds – in an acceptable format
- Copy of medical examination